## Basics – What is Square Root?

Let’s say there is a number *X*, when we multiply *X with itself*, it gives *Y***.** So, *X is the square root of Y*.

E.g. 2 is the square root of 4

5 is the square root of 25.

## Square root in C++ – sqrt() function

C++ provides us an inbuilt library function to calculate the square root of any **non-negative** number.

If we pass a negative number as a parameter, then it will result in a **domain error**.

sqrt() function is defined in <cmath> header file. So, we need to include it in our program.

#include <cmath>

### Program to get Square Root in C++ using sqrt() function

#include <iostream> #include <cmath> using namespace std; int main() { double squareNumber = 25.0, sqrtValue; sqrtValue = sqrt(squareNumber); cout << "Square root of " << squareNumber << " is " << sqrtValue << endl; return 0; }

**Output**

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## Square root function c++ in Code – Without sqrt

#include<stdio.h> int mySqrt(int num) { float temp, sqrt; int number; number = num; sqrt = number / 2; temp = 0; // It will stop only when temp is the square of our number while(sqrt != temp){ // setting sqrt as temp to save the value for modifications temp = sqrt; // main logic for square root of any number (Non Negative) sqrt = ( number/temp + temp) / 2; } printf("Square root of '%d' is '%f'", number, sqrt); return (sqrt); } int main() { int number; printf("Emter the number: \n"); scanf("%d", &number); mySqrt(number); }

### Explanation of Above Code

In the above code, we created a function, that takes the **entered number** as a parameter.

We are maintaining two more variables here, one for **storing the temporary value**. And the other one **for storing the actual square root of the number.**

`sqrt = ( number/temp + temp) / 2;`

This one line code is the core logic behind the calculation.

### Final Words

I hope you must have learned how to take the square root in c++ with two methods. If you have a better solution to the problem please comment that below or contact us via E-mail.

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